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Aids from oral sex

Visit coronavirus. You can also use other HIV prevention methods, below. If you are living with HIV , the most important thing you can do to prevent transmission and stay healthy is to take your HIV medication known as antiretroviral therapy or ART , every day, exactly as prescribed. There also are other options to choose from, below. The more of these actions you take, the safer you can be. Abstinence means not having oral, vaginal, or anal sex. The longer you wait to start having oral, vaginal, or anal sex, the fewer sexual partners you are likely to have in your lifetime. Also, encourage your partners who are HIV-negative to get tested for HIV so they are sure about their status and can take action to keep themselves healthy. Use HIV. Content Source: HIV.
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Oral sex involves using the mouth to stimulate the penis fellatio , vagina cunnilingus , or anus anilingus. However, it is hard to know the exact risk because a lot of people who have oral sex also have anal or vaginal sex.
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The chances of transmitting HIV through oral sex are very low. It is also possible to take further preventive measures, such as using a condom. HIV is a virus that spreads through bodily fluids. A person can contract HIV through direct contact with infected fluids or sharing syringes with someone who has the virus. In this article, we discuss whether it is possible to transmit HIV through oral sex and provide some tips for prevention. However, it can potentially happen if someone with HIV ejaculates into the mouth of their sexual partner. Only someone with a detectable viral load can transmit HIV through oral sex. A viral load refers to the amount of the virus that is present in the blood. Antiretroviral medications reduce the number of viral cells in the body, which can cause an undetectable viral load. The risk of a person with an undetectable viral load transmitting HIV through any sexual activity is effectively zero.
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Transmission of HIV

Many people find oral sex an intensely pleasurable experience. People use different terms to refer to oral sex including formal terms like fellatio and cunnilingus and slang terms like blow jobs and giving head. Usually oral sex means one person kissing, licking or sucking another person's genitals. Doctors and researchers can't be sure how many people have acquired HIV through oral sex. In late , researchers looked at all the available evidence and calculated that the risk of acquiring HIV from oral sex was very low, but that it wasn't zero. It is clear that oral sex involves much less risk than anal or vaginal sex. HIV is most easily passed on during anal sex, vaginal sex, sharing injecting equipment, and from mother to baby. It is much less likely that HIV will be passed on during oral sex, but it is possible in some circumstances. It depends on the viral load of the person living with HIV and the dental health of the person performing oral sex. It's a good idea to have regular sexual health check-ups.

Many people find oral sex an intensely pleasurable experience. People use different terms to refer to oral sex including formal terms like fellatio and cunnilingus and slang terms like blow jobs and giving head. Usually oral sex means one person kissing, licking or sucking another person's genitals. Doctors and researchers can't be sure how many people have acquired HIV through oral sex. In late , researchers looked at all the available evidence and calculated that the risk of acquiring HIV from oral sex was very low, but that it wasn't zero.

It is clear that oral sex involves much less risk than anal or vaginal sex. HIV is most easily passed on during anal sex, vaginal sex, sharing injecting equipment, and from mother to baby. It is much less likely that HIV will be passed on during oral sex, but it is possible in some circumstances.

It depends on the viral load of the person living with HIV and the dental health of the person performing oral sex. It's a good idea to have regular sexual health check-ups. The risk of HIV being passed on during oral sex centres on fluid containing HIV semen, vaginal fluid or blood finding a way into the bloodstream of an HIV-negative person via the mouth or throat, which is more likely if there is inflammation, or cuts or sores present.

HIV is not passed on through exposure to saliva alone, so a person with HIV performing oral sex on someone who is HIV negative is not considered to be a transmission risk. The other factor that makes a big difference to the potential risk of HIV transmission from oral sex is the viral load of the person living with HIV. Viral load is the term used to describe the amount of HIV in a sample of body fluid. People living with HIV have the viral load in their blood measured regularly, as part of routine health monitoring.

When a person living with HIV is taking effective HIV treatment, their viral load should decline until it is so low that it cannot be detected by the tests. This does not mean the person is cured of HIV, and if they stopped taking treatment their viral load would go back up. There is good evidence that when someone is taking treatment and has an undetectable viral load, they cannot pass HIV on through sexual activity — including oral sex.

Kissing, licking or sucking another person's genitals, i. Measurement of the amount of virus in a blood sample, reported as number of HIV RNA copies per milliliter of blood plasma. Viral load is an important indicator of HIV progression and of how well treatment is working. An undetectable viral load is the first goal of antiretroviral therapy. Although HIV can be sexually transmitted, the term is most often used to refer to chlamydia, gonorrhoea, syphilis, herpes, scabies, trichomonas vaginalis, etc.

If you are living with HIV, there is a higher risk of passing on HIV through someone performing oral sex on you, if you are not taking treatment and if you also have an untreated sexually transmitted infection.

If you don't have HIV and you are performing oral sex on someone who does have HIV, you are at more risk of acquiring HIV if you have cuts, sores or abrasions in your mouth or on your gums. For men, having a high viral load in the blood may also mean that viral load is high in the semen. Factors like untreated sexually transmitted infections can cause viral load in semen to increase. For women, the levels of HIV in vaginal fluid vary. They are likely to be highest around the time of menstruation having your period , when HIV-bearing cells shed from the cervix are most likely to be found in vaginal fluid, along with blood.

Oral sex will therefore be more risky around the time of menstruation. There are several ways to reduce the risk of HIV transmission from oral sex. Naturally, some will be more acceptable than others to different individuals, so you must make your own decisions about the level of risk you find acceptable. If you would like to discuss these issues, ask to see a health adviser, or other health professional, at your HIV treatment centre or sexual health clinic.

Many of the strategies below will also provide protection against other sexually transmitted infections:. If you are living with HIV, taking HIV treatment as prescribed, so that you maintain an undetectable viral load is the most effective way of preventing HIV being passed on. Primary tabs View active tab Preview.

Greta Hughson. November The risk of getting HIV through oral sex is low, but not non-existent, when a person with HIV does not have fully suppressed viral load. Glossary oral sex Kissing, licking or sucking another person's genitals, i. Next review date. This page was last reviewed in November It is due for review in November Related topics. Sexual transmission. The biology of HIV transmission.



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